A case for replication of the Trade Facility Agreement (TFA) of the WTO in Trade Documentation

Jayan Menon, Country Head - India at Traydstream



Bureaucratic delays and “red tape” pose a burden for moving goods across borders for traders. Trade facilitation—the simplification, modernization and harmonization of export and import processes—has therefore emerged as an important issue for the world trading system.

Trade Facilitation Agreement

The TFA of the World Trade Organisation (WTO) entered into force on 22 February 2017 following its ratification by two-thirds of the 164 WTO members.

The implementation of the TFA is in progress amongst the member countries of the WTO. The full implementation of the TFA is estimated to reduce global trade costs by an average of 14.3%.  It will also potentially reduce the average time needed to import by 47%. Cuts in export time will be even more dramatic: estimates predict a 91% reduction of the current average.

TFA and India

India too ratified the TFA on April 22, 2016. In consonance with this India has put in a National Trade Facilitation Action Plan 2017-2020.


The stated objectives in this are Improvement in Ease of Doing Business Rankings through reduction in the transaction cost and time. The target is to reduce the TAT for cargo release for Imports to 48 hours and 24 hours for Sea and Air cargos. Likewise for Exports it is to reduce the TAT to 24 and 12 hours respectively. Under the Digital India programme, India also proposes to go into a Paperless Regulatory Environment. As a consequence there will be reduction in the transaction costs for Imports and Exports from the current level of 15% of the cost of goods.

Is there a similar situation in Trade Finance Documentation?

While a significant effort is being put in the physical movement of goods, there seems to be similar issues in the movement of documents for trade after the trade has been completed. A huge amount of time is wasted in the movement of the documents from the exporter to the importer through their respective banks. In addition, there is always a risk of discrepancies in the documents that are submitted, which require rectification. It is estimated that about 60-75% of the documents are rejected on first presentation. This elongates the process for realisation of proceeds for the exporter.

Banks and Corporates in India should take the initiative to bring down the time required for completion of documentation for trade thereby enabling India to further improve upon its export competitiveness.